Navigation menuRetrieved 4 February Wikimedia Commons has media related to Essex. Later, part of Hadstock , part of Ashton and part of Chrishall were transferred to Cambridgeshire and part of Great Horkesley went to Suffolk ; and several other small parcels of land were transferred to all those counties. The first historic evidence of the important mining tradition of Essen date back to the 14th century, when the princess-abbess was granted mining rights.
These freight movements conflict with the needs of commuter passenger services, limiting their frequency and reliability. The cathedral is located in the centre of the city which evolved around it. The Krupp family had to leave the Gründerzeit mansion in , when it was annexed by the allies. Debden , near Loughton , is home to a production facility for British and foreign banknotes.
Retrieved 20 June The Left Left-wing. They decide on the priorities for young people and campaign to make a difference. Recent research into Ptolemy 's Geographia has identified the polis or oppidum Navalia as Essen.
Tendring First. Retrieved 10 July Barbara Yorke.
Archived from the original on 11 March Essex became part of the East of England Government Office Region in and was statistically counted as part of that region from , having previously been part of the South East England region. Thomas Kufen CDU.
The Port of Tilbury is one of Britain's three major ports, and has proposed a major extension onto the site of the former Tilbury power stations. Thanks for sharing! The ports have branch lines to connect them to the national rail network.
Its population ofmakes it the ninth largest city of Germanyas well as the fourth largest city of the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
Essen is seat to several of the region's authorities, as well as to eight of the largest publicly held German corporations by revenue, including two DAX corporations. Essen is often considered germanyy energy capital of Germany with E.
Essen Phoenix marie nackt also known for its impact on the arts through the respected Folkwang University of the Artsits Zollverein School of Management and Design, and germamy Red Dot industrial product design award. In earlythe universities of Essen and the nearby city of Duisburg both established in were merged into the University of Duisburg-Essen with campuses in both cities and a university hospital in Essen.
In Totenkopf bilder kostenlos, Essen was chosen to serve as the seat to a Roman Catholic diocese often referred to as Ruhrbistum or diocese of the Ruhr. Founded aroundEssen remained a small town within the sphere of influence of an important germqny principality Essen Nackte muschi until the onset of industrialization.
Essen, until the s, attracted workers from all over the country; it was the 5th-largest city in Germany between andpeaking at overinhabitants in Following the region-wide decline of heavy industries in the last decades of the 20th century, Sex praktien city has seen the development of a strong tertiary sector of the economy.
Notable accomplishments of the city in recent years include the title of European Capital of Culture on behalf of the whole Ruhr area in and the selection as the European Green Capital for Essen is located in the centre of the Ruhr area, one of the largest urban areas in Europe see also: megalopoliscomprising eleven independent cities and four districts with some 5. The lake, a popular recreational area, dates from towhen some thousands of unemployed coal miners dredged it with primitive tools.
Generally, large areas south of the River Ruhr including the suburbs of Schuir and Kettwig are quite green and are often quoted as examples of rural structures in the otherwise relatively Essex germany gmbh populated central Ruhr area.
Essen participates in a variety of networks and initiatives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to improve the city's resilience in the face of climate change. The lowest point can be found in the northern borough of Karnap at Each Stadtbezirk is assigned a Roman numeral and has a local body of nineteen members with limited authority.
This long-lasting process of annexation has led to a strong identification of the population with "their" boroughs or districts and to a rare peculiarity: The borough of Kettwig Esssex, located south of the Ruhr River, and which was not annexed untilhas its own area code.
Additionally allegedly due to relatively high church tax incomesthe Archbishop of Cologne managed to keep Kettwig directly subject to the Archdiocese of Colognewhereas all other boroughs of Essen and some neighboring cities constitute the Diocese of Essen.
Essen has a typical oceanic climate Köppen : Cfb with cool winters and warm summers different of Berlin or Stuttgart. The coldest month of the year is January, when the average temperature is 2. Although scholars still dispute the interpretation of the name,  there remain a few noteworthy interpretations.
The oldest known form of the city's name is Astnidewhich changed to Essen by way of forms such as Astnidum, Assinde, Essendia and Esnede. The name Astnide may have referred either to a region where many ash trees were found or to a region in the East of the Frankish Empire. The oldest archaeological find, the Vogelheimer Klingedates back to— gmby, BC.
Simply called Sex pheromones Chest of Stoneit is referred to as "Essen's earliest preserved example of architecture". Essen was part of the settlement areas of several Germanic peoples ChattiBructeriMarsialthough a clear distinction among these groupings is difficult. Recent research into Ptolemy 's Geographia has identified the polis or oppidum Navalia as Essen.
AroundSaint Altfrid around —the later Bishop of Hildesheimfounded an abbey for women coenobium Astnide in the centre of present-day Essen. The first abbess was Altfrid's relative Gerswit see also: Essen Abbey.
InSaint Liudger had already founded Benedictine Werden Abbey on its own grounds a few kilometers south. The region was sparsely populated with only a few smallholdings and an old and probably abandoned castle.
This abbey was not an abbey in the ordinary sense, Anzahl sexualpartner rather intended as a residence and educational institution for the daughters and widows of the higher nobility; led by an abbess, the members other than the abbess herself were not obliged to take vows of chastity.
Aroundconstruction of the collegiate church of the abbey began, to be completed in A major fire in heavily damaged both the church and the settlement. The church was rebuilt, expanded considerably, and is the foundation of the present Essen Cathedral. The first documented mention of Essen dates back towhen ZwentiboldKing of Lotharingiawilled territory on the western bank of the River Rhine grmany the abbey.
Another document, germanj the foundation of the abbey and allegedly dating back tois now considered an 11th-century forgery. She reigned for over 40 years, and endowed the abbey's treasury with invaluable objects such as the oldest preserved seven branched candelabrum, and the Golden Madonna of Essenthe oldest ggmbh sculpture of the Virgin Mary in the western world. It was under the reign of Teophanu that Essen, which had been called a city Essex germany gmbhreceived the right to hold markets in Ten years later, Teophanu had the eastern part of Essen Abbey constructed.
Fmbh crypt contains the tombs of St. Altfrid, Mathilde II, and Teophanu herself. Inthe abbey, which Wohnmobilsex hessen only been an important landowner until then, gained the status of a princely residence when Emperor Frederick II called abbess Elisabeth I Reichsfürstin Princess of the Empire in an official letter.
In28 years later, Essen received its town charter and seal when Konrad von Hochstadenthe Archbishop of Colognemarched into the city and erected a city wall together with the population. This proved a temporary emancipation of the population of the city from the princess-abbesses, but this lasted only until That year, King Rudolph I restored the princess-abbesses to full sovereignty over the city, much to the dismay of the population of the growing city, gremany called for self-administration gmbg imperial immediacy.
The title free imperial city was finally granted by Emperor Charles IV in However, inCharles had paradoxically endorsed Rudolph I's decision and hence left both the abbey and the city in imperial favour. Disputes between the city and the abbey about supremacy over the region remained common until the abbey's dissolution in The final decision of the court in was that the city had to be "duly obedient in dos and don'ts" to the abbesses but could maintain its old rights—a decision that did not really solve any of the problems.
Inthe city council, with its self-conception as the only legitimate ruler of Essen, introduced the Protestant Reformation. The Catholic abbey had no troops to counter this development. Ina "re-Catholicization" law was enacted, and churchgoing was strictly controlled.
Inthe geemany council filed against this at the Reichskammergericht. Maria had to flee to Cologne when the Dutch stormed the gdrmany in She returned in the summer of following the Bavarians gmbb Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheimonly to leave again in September. She died in Cologne.
The war proved a severe blow to the city, with frequent arrests, kidnapping and rape. Even after the Sexy landwirtin of Westphalia germabytroops remained in the city until 9 September The first historic evidence of the important mining tradition gmb Essen date back to the 14th century, when the princess-abbess was granted mining rights. At the end of the 16th century, many coal mines had opened in Essen, and the city earned a name as a centre of the weapons industry.
Aroundgunsmiths made high profits and inthey produced 14, rifles and pistols a year. The city became increasingly important strategically. Resident in Essen gmbhh the 16th century, the Krupp family dynasty and Essen shaped each other. InFriedrich Krupp founded Germany's first cast-steel factory in Essen and laid the EEssex for what was to be the largest enterprise in Europe for a couple of decades.
The weapon factories in Essen became so g,bh that a sign facing the main railway station welcomed visitors Hitler and Mussolini to the "Armory of the Reich " German : Waffenschmiede des Reiches in Essen reached a population ofin Other industrialists, such as Friedrich Grillowho in donated the Grillo-Theater to the city, also played a major role in the shaping of the city Sex hotel berlin the Ruhr area in the late 19th and early 20th century.
Riots broke out in February following a breakdown in the germwny of flour. There were then strikes in the Krupp factory. On 11 January the Occupation of the Ruhr was carried out by the invasion of French and Belgian troops into the Ruhr. On the morning of 31 March it came to the sad culmination of this French-German confrontation.
This event called 13 deaths and 28 injured. The occupation of the Ruhr ended in summer Tens of thousands of forced laborers arrived in the Nazi era in Essen camps, forced to Forced labour under German rule during World War II at companies like Krupp, Siemens and for mining work. As a major industrial centre, Essen was a target for allied bombing, the Royal Air Force RAF dropping a total of 36, long tons of bombs on the city.
The Krupp decoy site German: Kruppsche Nachtscheinanlage was built in Velbert to divert Allied airstrikes from the actual production site of the arms factory in Essen. The Allied ground advance into Germany reached Essen in April The US th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 17th Airborne Divisionacting as regular infantry and not in a parachute role, entered the city unopposed and captured it on 10 April After the successful invasion of Germany by the allies, Essen was assigned to the British Zone of Occupation.
Although weaponry is no longer produced in Essen, old industrial enterprises such as ThyssenKrupp and RWE remain large employers in the city. The administration of Essen had for a long time been in the hands of the princess-abbesses as heads of the Imperial Abbey of Essen. However, from the 14th century onwards, the city council increasingly grew in importance. Init started choosing two burgomastersone of whom was placed in charge of the treasury.
InEssen was granted imperial immediacy  but had to abandon this privilege later on. The territory was made part of the Prussian Province of Jülich-Cleves-Berg from toafter which it became part of the Prussian Rhine Province until its dissolution in In they founded the Communist Workers' International.
Essen became one of the centres of resistance to Social Democracy and the Freikorps alike. During the Nazi era —mayors were installed by the Nazi Party. After Eesex War IIthe military government of the British occupation zone installed a new mayor and a municipal constitution modeled on that of British cities. Later, the city council was again elected by the population. The mayor was elected by the council as its head and as the city's main representative.
The administration was led by a full-time Oberstadtdirektor. Inthe position of Oberstadtdirektor was abolished in North Rhine-Westphalia and the mayor became both main representative and administrative head. In addition, the population now elects the mayor directly.
The last local elections took place on 27 September The coat of arms of the city of Essen is a heraldic peculiarity. Granted init is a so-called Allianzwappen arms of alliance and consists of two separate shields under a single crown. The crown, however, does not refer to the city of Essen itself, but instead to the secularized ecclesiastical principality of Essen under the reign of the princess-abbesses.
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Essex Germany GmbH designs, manufactures, and supplies wire and cable products. The Company offers copper telephone cables, copper and fiber optic cables, and magnet easy2earn.bizd: 23 Jul, Essex (/ ˈ ɛ s ɪ k s /) is a county in the southeast of England, northeast of easy2earn.biz of the home counties, it borders Suffolk and Cambridgeshire to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Kent across the estuary of the River Thames to the south, and London to the southwest. The county town is Chelmsford, the only city in the easy2earn.biz government statistical purposes Essex is placed in. Essen (German pronunciation: (); Latin: Assindia) is the central and second largest city of the Ruhr, the largest urban area in easy2earn.biz population of , makes it the ninth largest city of Germany, as well as the fourth largest city of the federal state of North easy2earn.biz the Ruhr and Emscher rivers, Essen geographically is part of the Rhineland and the larger Rhine-Ruhr.
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